Which Way is Infertility Treatment Heading? – A Review on the Latest Techniques in Assisted Reproductive Technology

Prathiba Govindaiah, Jyothi, Devika Gunasheela

Abstract

Across the world, among millions of couples who fail to conceive, some seek medical help and undergo treatment, some resign to their fate, while others resort to adoption. The incidence of infertility in India is estimated to be between 10% and 15%. The birth of the world’s first baby through the in vitro fertilization (IVF) technique opened up a new horizon in the management of infertility.

The purpose of this review article is to provide information on latest techniques and advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Preimplantation genetic screening and fertility preservation are the current burning issues in ART.

A systematic search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PubMed, and reference list of articles on ART was conducted and is summarized in this article.

The techniques used in IVF continue to evolve as we strive to improve success rates while minimizing multiple pregnancies. However, we should all remain cognizant that currently, live birth rates generally do not exceed 50% per stimulated IVF cycle, even in young women with good prognosis, and in older women, success rates are dramatically lower.

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