Invasive Fungal Infection in Neonates: A Case Report

Lokesh L, Ranjan Kumar Pejaver, Maneesha Halkar, Preetham Manoli

The rate of fungal infection in newborns in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is on the rise because we are able to salvage more number of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates. There will invariably be antibiotic usage in these very premature and very low birth weight neonates. Most fungal infections in neonates are due to Candida species, a much smaller number may be attributed to Malassezia, Zygomycetes, or Aspergillus species. Candida species are commensal organisms that colonize the skin and mucus surface and adhere to catheter surface and to the blood stream because of the immature immune system. Candida infections range from non–life-threatening mucocutaneous illness to invasive organ involvement.

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