Qualitative Assessment of Acceptability of Kangaroo Mother Care in a Tribal Block in Maharashtra, India

Ragini Kulkarni, Sanjay Chauhan, Reeta Rasaily, Reshma Desai, Varsha Tryambake, Manisha Panhale


Background and Aim: Majority of the studies on Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) have been conducted in hospital settings with a very few community-based studies on KMC in India. We conducted a community-based study in a tribal block of Karjat in Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. The objective was to study the acceptability of KMC by the mothers and their families at the household level in tribal areas.

Materials and Methods: Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with pregnant women and mothers, mothers-in-law, auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs), and anganwadi workers (AWWs) before and after information education and communication on KMC. In-depth interviews were also conducted with mothers providing KMC.

Results: Findings from preintervention and postintervention FGDs were analyzed and the facilitating factors and barriers for KMC provision were identified.

Conclusion: The qualitative data from preintervention and postintervention FGDs suggest that KMC was accepted by mothers, family members, ANMs, and AWWs in the community.

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